ISO 14001:2004 specifies needs for an environmental management system to allow an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal needs and other needs to which the organization subscribes, and information about significant environmental aspects. It applies to those environmental aspects that the organization recognizes as those which it can control and those which it can influence. It does not itself state specific environmental performance criteria.
ISO 14001:2004 is applicable to any organization that wishes to establish, implement, maintain and progress an environmental management system, to assure itself of conformity with its stated environmental policy, and to demonstrate conformity with ISO 14001:2004 by
a) manufacture a self-determination and self-declaration, or
b) looking for confirmation of its conformance by parties having an interest in the organization, such as clients, or
c) looking for confirmation of its self-declaration by a party external to the organization, or
d) looking for certification/registration of its environmental management system by an exterior organization.
All the needs in ISO 14001:2004 are intended to be incorporated into any environmental management system. The extent of the application will depend on factors such as the environmental policy of the organization, the nature of its behavior, products and services and the location where and the conditions in which it functions.
ISO 14001:2004 also give, in Annex a, educational guidance on its use.
HISTORY OF ISO 14001 STANDARD
- Improved Management Focus
- 1992 : Earth Summit Conference
- 1992 : BS 7750
- 1993 : EMAS
- 1996 : ISO 14001
- 2004 : ISO 14001
Benefits of ISO 14001
- Protection of the environment
- Creating Marketing Opportunities
- Possible New products or Services
- Improved Community Image (Pro-Active)
- Demonstrated Compliance with Legislation/Regulations
- Improved Management Focus
- Part of effective management systems
- Reduced costs/ liabilities
ISO 14001 STANDARD PRENCIPLES
- Being Obligated and Policy: The company must determine the environment policy and commit devotion to enivironmental management system.
- Plannig: The company shall determine the environmental aspects of activities, product and Services and choose the important ones of those. It Shall determine objectives and targets to realize these commitments, and programme the activities to realize these goals and targets.
- Practice and operation: The company shall develop a support mechanizm with needed competence and opportunities to realize the environment policy, achieve the goals and targets and supply an effective practice.
- Control and Corrective Action: The company, shall measure, monitor and evaluate the environmental activities and the success in these activities.
- Review and Development: The company shall review its environmental management system and develop continually to develop success level at general environment activities.
ISO 14000 IS A SERIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
- ISO 14001:2004 Environmental management systems. Specification with guidance for use.
- ISO 14004:2004 Environmental management systems. General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques.
- ISO 14020:2000 Environmental Labels and Declarations.
- ISO 14040 Environmental Management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and framework.
- ISO 14041:1998 Environmental Management. Life cycle assessment. Principles and framework.
- ISO 14050: 2002 Environmental Management Systems Vocabulary
- ISO Guide 64 Environmental Aspects in Product Standards
- ISO 19011Guidelines for auditing quality and environmental management systems.